Tuesday, October 4, 2016

Why You Should Not Drink

Why shouldn't you drink? Well, to put it bluntly, the intoxicating agent in all alcoholic beverages is ethanol. The chemical name of ETHANOL is C2H5OH. Ethanol fuel usually refers to a gasoline that contains ethyl alcohol. Ethanol is an alcohol, made from corn, grains, sugar and other common farm produce. Flex fuel and E85 is a gasoline containing 85% ethanol.

Thus, the primary reason you should not drink is because for all intents and purposes, you're drinking the exact same concoction that you put in your automobile. That can't be good for the intestines, for the digestive system and your body and overall health in general. Wouldn't you agree?

Why allow yourself to become dependent on a substance that could kill you (and usually does) and others who happen to cross your path while you're driving inebriated. The goal should be to go out, have a good time, without the need for alcohol to have fun. There are various other ways to relax in healthier, productive ways.

*** From Drugs.com ***

There are four types of alcohol: methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, propyl alcohol and butyl alcohol.

Ethyl Alcohol, or ethanol (C2H5OH), is the type used in the production of alcoholic beverages. The other three types, methyl, propyl and butyl alcohol, if consumed can result in blindness and death, even in relatively small doses.

Alcohol, or ethanol, is the intoxicating agent found in beer, wine and liquor. Alcohol is produced by fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches. Fruits such as grapes, and grains like barley and wheat are most commonly used for wine, beer and liquors. Other plants, such as the cactus or sugar cane may be used in liquor production.

Fourteen grams or about 0.6 fluid ounces of pure alcohol equals one “drink”. Examples of this amount may include one twelve ounce beer (5 percent alcohol), eight to nine ounces of malt liquor (7 percent alcohol), 5 ounces of wine (12 percent alcohol) or 1.5 fluid ounce “shot” of 80 proof liquor (40 percent alcohol).

Alcohol is a clear, volatile liquid that is highly soluble in water. The absorption of alcohol (ethanol) is decreased by food, especially fatty food. Absorption occurs primarily from the intestine. Alcohol distributes into body water. Blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) is dependent upon weight and body fat, amount and time frame of alcohol consumption, and food effects. Drinking alcohol over shorter time periods or in larger quantities and on an empty stomach will lead to a higher BAC.

*** Alcohol is metabolized primarily (90 percent) in the liver.

Long-term alcohol misuse is associated with liver and cardiovascular disease, cancer, and nervous system damage as well as psychiatric problems such as depression, anxiety, and antisocial personality disorder.4

Alcohol, and its consumption can cause a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair judgment and coordination. In small amounts, it can induce feelings of relaxation and tranquillity, suppress anxiety, and in some, inspire feelings of confidence. However, as the dose is increased, normally beyond six ounces of 100 proof alcohol, the pleasant euphoric feelings begin to give way to feelings of depression. Intoxication occurs because the liver is unable to metabolize more than one ounce of alcohol every hour. Therefore, when a person consumes more alcohol than the body can metabolize, intoxication occurs. Intoxication can generally last anywhere from one to 12 hours, and the after-effects (“hang-over”) of intoxication can last 24 hours or more.

Repeated use of alcohol can lead to increased tolerance that in turn leads to greater amounts required to achieve its desired effects. Once the body develops a dependence to alcohol, a sudden cessation of its intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms can be life-threatening and include severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions.

Alcohol can be lethal if the amount of alcohol reaches a concentration above 460 milligrams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood (0.46 g/dL). Death from respiratory depression can occur with severe alcohol intoxication, and this can be hastened if alcohol is combined with CNS depressant medications.

Excessive use of alcohol can lead to alcoholism, or alcohol dependence. There are four cardinal symptoms in alcoholism: craving, loss of control, physical dependence, and tolerance. A clinician is able to diagnose alcoholism based upon a specific set of criteria published by the American Psychiatric Association and the World Health Organization.

Drinking and driving results in numerous car accidents, injuries, and deaths each year. In 2009, there were over 10,800 crash fatalities with a driver BAC of 0.08 or higher, roughly 32 percent of total traffic fatalities for the year. Of these drivers, fifty-six percent had had a BAC of 0.15 or greater. However, since 1982, alcohol-related fatalities have dropped from 60 percent to 38 percent in 2009.

Alcoholism is a treatable disease, but is considered a lifelong, chronic illness that requires counseling, support and often medication to control cravings. Relapses are a common problem for alcoholics. Risks for developing alcoholism include a genetic predisposition and lifestyle practices.

Alcohol: How Much is Too Much?

Like to enjoy a few alcoholic drinks every night? Regularly get friends over to party or for a BBQ but often drink a bit more than you planned? Just how much alcohol is too much?

If you are a man, more than four drinks per session or 14 drinks per week classifies you as a heavy drinker. For women it's even less - three drinks per session or seven drinks in total per week.

Does this sound like you? While everyone is encouraged to enjoy themselves, you want to be able to enjoy yourself for a few more years yet. Identifying that you might have a problem with alcohol is the first step towards doing something about it. You are not alone. Alcohol is a highly addictive substance that most experts believe to be more damaging than marijuana. Not surprisingly, it is unlikely alcohol would be legal if it were invented today.

Sunday, September 4, 2016

Global Bullying - A Short List of U.S. Military Corruption

The two nuclear bombings, which killed at least
105,000–120,000 people, remain the only use of
nuclear weapons for warfare in human history.

In light of the recent Star-Spangled Banner controversy, it is incumbent on this writer to expose the hidden criminal past of the United States military.

Hopefully, after reading this article, morally correct citizens can stop living the humongous patriotic lie about America and her armed forces.

If you've lost loved ones in War, please accept the writer's apology for what will appear to be the insensitive theme of this document. Unfortunately, as the adage goes, "the truth hurts."

It is necessary to write about our military's hidden Machiavellian past in order to unveil the concise reason why America has been the cruelest, most feared and hated nation in human history. All the facts listed below come directly from Wikipedia and other legitimate sources that the reader can research independently.

This writer has been an outspoken critic of War and the ridiculous hyperbole behind aphorisms such as, "protecting our borders", "protecting our freedoms," "land of the free, home of the brave," etc.

Over the past century, the U.S. media has spun such sordid and ludicrous fabrications pertaining to the true role and moral value of our American Military Forces.

The falsehoods have been so outlandish, they would make Tommy Flanagan, the pathological liar on SNL (played by actor/comedian Jon Lovitz) look like Mother Teresa. Flanagan used an old Humphrey Bogart line, "Yeah! That's the ticket!", as a catchphrase to punctuate painfully elaborated implausible lies. This is exactly what the history books and the American media should highlight on everything they write, produce, project and direct, pertaining to the U.S. Military and War, "Yeah! That's the ticket!"

So pardon me America while I exercise my right to the First Amendment and forgive me for my lack of patriotism.

Criminal History of the Military Industrial Complex, aka the United States Military

  • 1901 - Philippine–American War: The Balangiga massacre was the subsequent American retaliation against the Samar population and guerrillas, for killing approximately 48 members of the U.S. 9th Infantry on September 28, 1901. There are no reliable documents regarding the number of Filipino casualties.

    U.S. General Jacob H. Smith ordered the killing of every male over ten years old during the American retaliatory campaign. General Smith instructed Major Littleton Waller, commanding officer of a battalion of 315 US Marines assigned to bolster his forces in Samar, regarding the conduct of pacification:
    "I want no prisoners. I wish you to kill and burn; the more you kill and burn, the better it will please me... The interior of Samar must be made a howling wilderness."
    — Gen. Jacob H. Smith

    Smith would later be court-martialed for "conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline." Reprimanded but not formally punished, Smith was forced into retirement from the service because of his conduct.
  • 1945 - Battle of Okinawa: U.S. military personnel raped Okinawan women. Based on several years of research, Okinawan historian Oshiro Masayasu (former director of the Okinawa Prefectural Historical Archives) writes:

    "Soon after the U.S. Marines landed, all the women of a village on Motobu Peninsula fell into the hands of American soldiers. At the time, there were only women, children, and old people in the village, as all the young men had been mobilized for the war."

    "Soon after landing, the Marines 'mopped up' the entire village, but found no signs of Japanese forces. Taking advantage of the situation, they started 'hunting for women' in broad daylight, and women who were hiding in the village or nearby air raid shelters were dragged out one after another."

    According to interviews carried out by the New York Times and published in 2000, multiple elderly people from an Okinawan village confessed that after the United States won the Battle of Okinawa, three armed marines kept coming to the village every week to force villagers to gather all the local women, who were then carried off into the hills and raped.

    The article goes deeper into the matter and claims that the villagers' tale is part of a 'dark, long-kept secret' the unraveling of which 'refocused attention on what historians say is one of the most widely ignored crimes of the war': "the widespread rape of Okinawan women by American servicemen."

    Although Japanese reports of rape were largely ignored at the time, academic estimates have been that as many as 10,000 Okinawan women may have been raped.
  • 1945 - Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The United States, with the consent of the United Kingdom as laid down in the Quebec Agreement, dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945 respectively, during the final stage of World War II. The two bombings, which killed at least 105,000–120,000 people, remain the only use of nuclear weapons for warfare in history.

    On August 6, the U.S. dropped a uranium gun-type atomic bomb (Little Boy) on the city of Hiroshima. U.S. President Harry S. Truman called for Japan's surrender 16 hours later, warning them to "expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Three days later, on August 9, the U.S. dropped a plutonium implosion-type bomb (Fat Man) on the city of Nagasaki. Within the first two to four months of the bombings, the acute effects of the atomic bombings killed 90,000–146,000 people in Hiroshima and 60,000–80,000 in Nagasaki; roughly half of the deaths in each city occurred on the first day. During the following months, large numbers died from the effect of burns, radiation sickness, and other injuries, compounded by illness and malnutrition.
  • 1950 - Korean War: The No Gun Ri Massacre refers to an incident of mass killing of an undetermined number of South Korean refugees conducted by U.S. soldiers of the 7th Cavalry Regiment (and in a U.S. air attack) between 26 July and 29 July 1950 at a railroad bridge near the village of Nogeun-ri, 100 miles (160 km) southeast of Seoul.

    In 2005, the South Korean government certified the names of 163 dead or missing (mostly women, children, and old men) and 55 wounded. It said that many other victims' names were not reported.

    Over the years survivors' estimates of the dead have ranged from 300 to 500. This episode early in the Korean War gained widespread attention when the Associated Press (AP) published a series of articles in 1999 that subsequently won a Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting.
  • 1968 - The My Lai Massacre was the mass murder of 347 to 504 unarmed citizens in South Vietnam, almost entirely civilians, most of them women and children, conducted by U.S. soldiers from the Company C of the 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade of the 23rd (Americal) Infantry Division, on March 16, 1968.

    Some of the victims were raped, beaten, tortured, or maimed, and some of the bodies were found mutilated. The massacre took place in the hamlets of Mỹ Lai and My Khe of Sơn Mỹ village during the Vietnam War.

    Of the 26 U.S. soldiers initially charged with criminal offenses or war crimes for actions at My Lai, only William Calley was convicted. Initially sentenced to life in prison, Calley had his sentence reduced to ten years, then was released after only three and a half years under house arrest.

    The incident prompted widespread outrage around the world, and reduced U.S. domestic support for the Vietnam War. Three American Servicemen (Hugh Thompson, Jr., Glenn Andreotta, and Lawrence Colburn), who made an effort to halt the massacre and protect the wounded, were sharply criticized by U.S. Congressmen, and received hate mail, death threats, and mutilated animals on their doorsteps. Thirty years after the event their efforts were honored.
  • 1970 - The Vietnam War Crimes Working Group Files is a collection of (formerly secret) documents compiled by Pentagon investigators in the early 1970s, confirming that atrocities by U.S. forces during the Vietnam War were more extensive than had been officially acknowledged. The documents are housed by the United States National Archives and Records Administration, and detail 320 alleged incidents that were substantiated by United States Army investigators (not including the 1968 My Lai Massacre).

20-year-old Rina Shimabukuro raped
and murdered by a former US Marine
This is a very short list of atrocities committed by the United States Armed Forces. We have declared war on myriad countries over the past millennia. In the past half century, in more than a few cases, we've gone to war in spite of the suggestions of the United Nations. So you'll have to forgive the writer for not sharing or agreeing with the majority of American's rah-rah enthusiasm and displaced patriotism. 


Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Exercise and Diet to Lose the Belly Fat

Everyone has some belly fat, even people who have flat abs. That's normal. But too much belly fat can affect your health in a way that other fat doesn't. Some of your fat is right under your skin. Other fat is deeper inside, around your heart, lungs, liver, and other organs. It's that deeper fat -- called "visceral" fat -- that may be the bigger problem, even for thin people.

You need some visceral fat. It provides cushioning around your organs. But if you have too much of it, you may be more likely to get high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, dementia, and certain cancers, including breast cancer and colon cancer. The fat doesn't just sit there. It's an active part of your body, making "lots of nasty substances," says Kristen Hairston, MD, assistant professor of endocrinology and metabolism at Wake Forest School of Medicine. If you gain too much weight, your body starts to store your fat in unusual places.

With increasing obesity, you have people whose regular areas to store fat are so full that the fat is deposited into the organs and around the heart, says Carol Shively, PhD, professor of pathology-comparative medicine at Wake Forest School of Medicine.

How Much Belly Fat Do You Have?

The most precise way to determine how much visceral fat you have is to get a CT scan or MRI. But there's a much simpler, low-cost way to check. Get a measuring tape, wrap it around your waist at your belly button, and check your girth. Do it while you're standing up, and make sure the tape measure is level. For your health's sake, you want your waist size to be less than 35 inches if you're a woman and less than 40 inches if you're a man. Having a "pear shape" -- bigger hips and thighs -- is considered safer than an "apple shape," which describes a wider waistline.

“What we’re really pointing to with the apple versus pear,” Hairston says, "is that, if you have more abdominal fat, it’s probably an indicator that you have more visceral fat."

Even if you're thin, you can still have too much visceral fat. How much you have is partly about your genes, and partly about your lifestyle, especially how active you are. Visceral fat likes inactivity. In one study, thin people who watched their diets but didn't exercise were more likely to have too much visceral fat. The key is to be active, no matter what size you are.

4 Steps for Beating Belly Fat

There are four keys to controlling belly fat: exercise, diet, sleep, and stress management.

1. Exercise: Vigorous exercise trims all your fat, including visceral fat. Get at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise at least 5 days a week. Walking counts, as long as it's brisk enough that you work up a sweat and breathe harder, with your heart rate faster than usual.

To get the same results in half the time, step up your pace and get vigorous exercise -- like jogging or walking. You'd need to do that for 20 minutes a day, 4 days a week. Jog, if you're already fit, or walk briskly at an incline on a treadmill if you're not ready for jogging. Vigorous workouts on stationary bikes and elliptical or rowing machines are also effective, says Duke researcher Cris Slentz, PhD.

Moderate activity -- raising your heart rate for 30 minutes at least three times per week -- also helps. It slows down how much visceral fat you gain. But to torch visceral fat, your workouts may need to be stepped up. “Rake leaves, walk, garden, go to Zumba, play soccer with your kids. It doesn’t have to be in the gym,” Hairston says. If you are not active now, it's a good idea to check with your health care provider before starting a new fitness program.

2. Diet: There is no magic diet for belly fat. But when you lose weight on any diet, belly fat usually goes first. Getting enough fiber can help. Hairston’s research shows that people who eat 10 grams of soluble fiber per day -- without any other diet changes -- build up less visceral fat over time than others. That’s as simple as eating two small apples, a cup of green peas, or a half-cup of pinto beans.

“Even if you kept everything else the same but switched to a higher-fiber bread, you might be able to better maintain your weight over time,” Hairston says.

3. Sleep: Getting the right amount of shut-eye helps. In one study, people who got 6 to 7 hours of sleep per night gained less visceral fat over 5 years compared to those who slept 5 or fewer hours per night or 8 or more hours per night. Sleep may not have been the only thing that mattered -- but it was part of the picture.

4. Stress: Everyone has stress. How you handle it matters. The best things you can do include relaxing with friends and family, meditating, exercising to blow off steam, and getting counseling. That leaves you healthier and better prepared to make good choices for yourself.

“If you could only afford the time to do one of these things," Shively says, "exercise probably has the most immediate benefits, because it gets at both obesity and stress.”
~ from Webmd.com

Bodyweight Squats are not only good for the butt (glutes) and thighs (quads), they are a fantastic exercise for the entire body:

  • They are a compound movement – In addition to your glutes and quads, squats also work your hips, hamstrings, calves, back, and core.
  • They boost hormone production – Owing to the fact that squats use multiple muscle groups (perhaps more than any other exercise), they increase the production of anabolic hormones. Anabolic hormones are known for helping us to lose fat and build muscle, giving you that ‘toned’ look.
  • They improve mobility – You learned to walk by squatting with perfect form, but as we get older we spend more time sitting and that child-like mobility is lost. Regularly squatting will help improve your flexibility and posture.

The Proper Bodyweight Squat

  1. Stand with your feet shoulder width apart. You can place your hands behind your head. This will be your starting position.
  2. Begin the movement by flexing your knees and hips, sitting back with your hips.
  3. Continue down to full depth if you are able,and quickly reverse the motion until you return to the starting position. As you squat, keep your head and chest up and push your knees out.

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