Tuesday, October 4, 2016

Why You Should Not Drink

Why shouldn't you drink? Well, to put it bluntly, the intoxicating agent in all alcoholic beverages is ethanol. The chemical name of ETHANOL is C2H5OH. Ethanol fuel usually refers to a gasoline that contains ethyl alcohol. Ethanol is an alcohol, made from corn, grains, sugar and other common farm produce. Flex fuel and E85 is a gasoline containing 85% ethanol.

Thus, the primary reason you should not drink is because for all intents and purposes, you're drinking the exact same concoction that you put in your automobile. That can't be good for the intestines, for the digestive system and your body and overall health in general. Wouldn't you agree?

Why allow yourself to become dependent on a substance that could kill you (and usually does) and others who happen to cross your path while you're driving inebriated. The goal should be to go out, have a good time, without the need for alcohol to have fun. There are various other ways to relax in healthier, productive ways.

*** From Drugs.com ***

There are four types of alcohol: methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, propyl alcohol and butyl alcohol.

Ethyl Alcohol, or ethanol (C2H5OH), is the type used in the production of alcoholic beverages. The other three types, methyl, propyl and butyl alcohol, if consumed can result in blindness and death, even in relatively small doses.

Alcohol, or ethanol, is the intoxicating agent found in beer, wine and liquor. Alcohol is produced by fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches. Fruits such as grapes, and grains like barley and wheat are most commonly used for wine, beer and liquors. Other plants, such as the cactus or sugar cane may be used in liquor production.

Fourteen grams or about 0.6 fluid ounces of pure alcohol equals one “drink”. Examples of this amount may include one twelve ounce beer (5 percent alcohol), eight to nine ounces of malt liquor (7 percent alcohol), 5 ounces of wine (12 percent alcohol) or 1.5 fluid ounce “shot” of 80 proof liquor (40 percent alcohol).

Alcohol is a clear, volatile liquid that is highly soluble in water. The absorption of alcohol (ethanol) is decreased by food, especially fatty food. Absorption occurs primarily from the intestine. Alcohol distributes into body water. Blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) is dependent upon weight and body fat, amount and time frame of alcohol consumption, and food effects. Drinking alcohol over shorter time periods or in larger quantities and on an empty stomach will lead to a higher BAC.

*** Alcohol is metabolized primarily (90 percent) in the liver.

Long-term alcohol misuse is associated with liver and cardiovascular disease, cancer, and nervous system damage as well as psychiatric problems such as depression, anxiety, and antisocial personality disorder.4

Alcohol, and its consumption can cause a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair judgment and coordination. In small amounts, it can induce feelings of relaxation and tranquillity, suppress anxiety, and in some, inspire feelings of confidence. However, as the dose is increased, normally beyond six ounces of 100 proof alcohol, the pleasant euphoric feelings begin to give way to feelings of depression. Intoxication occurs because the liver is unable to metabolize more than one ounce of alcohol every hour. Therefore, when a person consumes more alcohol than the body can metabolize, intoxication occurs. Intoxication can generally last anywhere from one to 12 hours, and the after-effects (“hang-over”) of intoxication can last 24 hours or more.

Repeated use of alcohol can lead to increased tolerance that in turn leads to greater amounts required to achieve its desired effects. Once the body develops a dependence to alcohol, a sudden cessation of its intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms can be life-threatening and include severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions.

Alcohol can be lethal if the amount of alcohol reaches a concentration above 460 milligrams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood (0.46 g/dL). Death from respiratory depression can occur with severe alcohol intoxication, and this can be hastened if alcohol is combined with CNS depressant medications.

Excessive use of alcohol can lead to alcoholism, or alcohol dependence. There are four cardinal symptoms in alcoholism: craving, loss of control, physical dependence, and tolerance. A clinician is able to diagnose alcoholism based upon a specific set of criteria published by the American Psychiatric Association and the World Health Organization.

Drinking and driving results in numerous car accidents, injuries, and deaths each year. In 2009, there were over 10,800 crash fatalities with a driver BAC of 0.08 or higher, roughly 32 percent of total traffic fatalities for the year. Of these drivers, fifty-six percent had had a BAC of 0.15 or greater. However, since 1982, alcohol-related fatalities have dropped from 60 percent to 38 percent in 2009.

Alcoholism is a treatable disease, but is considered a lifelong, chronic illness that requires counseling, support and often medication to control cravings. Relapses are a common problem for alcoholics. Risks for developing alcoholism include a genetic predisposition and lifestyle practices.

Alcohol: How Much is Too Much?

Like to enjoy a few alcoholic drinks every night? Regularly get friends over to party or for a BBQ but often drink a bit more than you planned? Just how much alcohol is too much?

If you are a man, more than four drinks per session or 14 drinks per week classifies you as a heavy drinker. For women it's even less - three drinks per session or seven drinks in total per week.

Does this sound like you? While everyone is encouraged to enjoy themselves, you want to be able to enjoy yourself for a few more years yet. Identifying that you might have a problem with alcohol is the first step towards doing something about it. You are not alone. Alcohol is a highly addictive substance that most experts believe to be more damaging than marijuana. Not surprisingly, it is unlikely alcohol would be legal if it were invented today.